The thought of living far away from the city can be vague to many people. It is mainly due to the scarcity of amenities such as water, and electricity. Most homes close to the city will have an adequate supply of power as they are connected to the main power grid. However, if you are living on a ranch or off grid, then the on-grid power system might be difficult or impossible to connect to. The solution is the off-grid solar power system. It eliminates the need to be close to a city or town or a power grid for one to get the supply of electricity. It empowers you to have power and electricity when and where you need it. For example, if you are located in a remote location, then you can install the off grid solar system to meet your electricity needs.
The mechanism of how the off grid power system works lies in the solar panels. They help tap solar energy from the sunlight, and that is how the solar power is generated. From there, there are other components of the solar system that convey the solar power until it gets into homes. It is reliable, silent, clean and cost effective to install such an off grid solar system in your home. For those who want to live off grid, it can be a perfect alternative to your energy source.
Components Of The Off Grid Solar Power System:
The components are what make up the entire solar system. They play different functions while each complements the other to better play its role in solar electricity generation for households. The components include:
1. Solar Panels
They make up the heart if not the integral part of the solar power system. They generate the solar energy by tapping it from the sunlight. They are in array displayed on the roof of the house in a way that they are exposed to the sunlight. Solar panels come in different sizes depending on your power needs. For example, large solar panels will generate a large amount of solar energy for home use.
2. Charge Controller
From the solar panels, the battery to store the solar energy has to be charged. The charging process has to be controlled. The charge controller will help regulate the amount of current or voltage the batteries are being charged. It is done to protect the battery bank from damage. When a high current is used to charge the batteries, then the battery bank can be damaged. The charge controller acts as a regulator for this purpose.
It is a collection of batteries which are charged to store the energy or electricity in the form of direct current (DC). The batteries can also range regarding the number you can include in the off-grid solar system. Depending on the amount of electricity you want to store, you can install or buy the right number of batteries for your power system.
It inverts the DC electricity to alternating current (AC) electricity for home use. Remember that the direct current cannot be used in that form and thus it has to be converted into AC so that it can be consumed in homes.
5. A Backup Power Generator
Not every time the solar panels will generate enough solar energy for your home. There are times when you have to step up and let the backup generator run to satisfy your power needs. When the solar energy is low or missing, the backup generator starts automatically to generate electricity. It is powered by gasoline and thus able to operate off grid.
How To Size The Off Grid Solar Power System?
Before you can size it, you need to consider how much power you want. In doing so, you have to list everything you plan to power using the grid. It will thus help you determine how much power you need. From there, you can calculate the amount of power you will need for your home use. You can achieve this by referring to the label on each appliance you plan to power using the solar energy.
Although for some appliances or items, you have to estimate or give a guess on the power consumption, it is advisable to choose a higher value. The purpose of this is to make sure that your solar power system generates enough electricity based on the demand. After you have determined how much power you will need, you can get an expert to help you in sizing the off-grid solar power system.
How About Maintenance?
It is known to be low maintenance regarding cost. However, you will need to replace the collection of batteries after at least 5 years. This will help the system function as expected in generating electricity. Remember that you get to save regarding electricity bills as it is for free.